Home Locate Us Contact Us
Queensland Cardiology
 
Procedures
Alcohol Septal Ablation Alcohol Septal Ablation
 

What is an Alcohol Septal Ablation?

Alcohol septal ablation is often used instead of open heart surgery to treat patients with symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Dr Con Aroney pioneered this procedure in Queensland.

What is Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy?

It is a genetic condition, where an abnormal thickened ridge of heart muscle develops, and obstructs flow from the outflow tract of the heart’s main pumping chamber – the left ventricle. When the obstruction becomes severe, patients may develop shortness of breath, chest pain on exertion (angina) or blackouts.

How is it done?

The procedure begins with an injection of local anaesthetic in both groins, and fine tubes (catheters) are put into the artery and passed up the heart. One tube is passed into the left coronary artery, and a series of pictures (an angiogram) are taken using X-Rays and X-Ray dye. The septal artery that supplies blood to the thickened abnormal ridge of heart muscle is identified by the angiogram.

A small sausage-shaped balloon is passed on a wire into the abnormal thickened muscle. Confirmation that the balloon is the abnormal part of the heart muscle is made with injection of contrast through the balloon and visualised on an echocardiogram. Following this a small volume of alcohol is injected the balloon into the small artery supplying the abnormal heart muscle, causing it damage (a localised small heart attack”). This causes immediate relief of the obstruction of blood flowing through the heart. Following this the heart tubes are all removed.

Benefits

The relief of the obstruction of blood flow leads to complete or partial relief of the symptoms of shortness of breath or chest pain, which is usually apparent immediately, but may progressively improve for 12 months.

How do I Prepare?

You will be staying in hospital for about 3 days following the procedure, so bring your toiletries and personal items for this period.

  • No food or drink 4 hours prior to the procedure.
  • Please notify the doctor if you have any allergies.
  • Please bring a list of all your current medications.

After the Procedure

  • You may have some bruising and soreness around the access site.
  • Do not lift objects over 5kg for 3-4 days after your procedure.
  • Notify your doctor or present at the emergency department if you have any significant bleeding, pain, fevers, shortness of breath, blackouts or palpitations.
  • Notify your doctor if you have any significant chest pain or angina.
  • Do not drive for 5 days after discharge.

Risks

The procedure can lead to the need for a permanent pacemaker in about 10% of patients. Bruising to the leg where the artery is punctured may also occur. Serious complications, such as major heart attack, stroke, perforation of the heart, severe palpitations or death are very rare.

There is some risk that the hypertrophied muscle may need treatment with a further septal ablation in the future, particularly if the thickening is very great.

Some high risk patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, require treatment with an implantable defibrillator.

Follow-up

Follow-up consultation, including further echocardiography will be made with your cardiologist.

If you have any further questions, please contact us at:

Queensland Cardiology
Holy Spirit Northside Hospital
Suite 18, Level 3
Rode Road, CHERMSIDE
Ph (07) 38615522

Services
 
Procedures
 
Patient-information
 
 
Referral Forms News Guidelines